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2019 WAEC GCE HISTORY ANSWER AVAILABLE HERE

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*2019 WAEC GCE HISTORY**OBJ*
1-10
11-20
21-30
31-40
41-50*(1)*
(i) They provided institutions of conflict mediation between local communities
(ii) They also served to create trust (by oath-taking) between members of (different) communities and, thus, enabled long-distance trade, for example.
(iii) They were used as source of children
(iv) They served as diviner or seer
(v) Oracles were used in the healing of the sick*2)*
– The basic social unit among the Loko was the household(family). It was an extended family type under the headship of a man. Age was a prerequisite for succession to household leadership. The eldest son usually take charge after the death of the father, then the brother.- The pre-colonial Loko practised polygamous marriage. A man was allowed to many women as he could. Marriage transactions were highly celebrated, with the parents of the groom and the bride playing a leading role.- Marriage between close relatives was forbidden. It was a taboo and it’s breach was considered incestuous. Victims were forced to run naked to the stream, river and sea where they were ceremoniously washed with black soap and special herbs. They were flogged in the process. They were also given special charms cooked with male and female dogs to eat.- Every Loko clan had a totem-a particular plant, animal or object they must not use. It was believed that the totem held the fate of the clan and when used, disaster would befall it’s member.- The Loko had secret societies which played a pivotal role in their lives. The poro for men and the Bondo for women were the major secret societies and they preformed varied and many functions among Loko. The girls graduated from Bondo society with new names. They were named in the sequence of arrival(initiation) in the Bondo. Hence Rukor, Burah, Yenoh, Sathee, and so on.===========================
3a)
– Loom
– Spindle
– Cotton wool3b)
– The cotton is gathered when it is riped
– The cotton is dried and ginned to separate the seeds from the wool
– The carding and spinning of cotton
– Weaving of the cloth*7a)* i Major General Johnson Aguoyi Ironsiii General Yakubu Gowoniii General Muritala Mohammediv Major General Olusegun Obasanjo*(8)*
(i)the Eastern (Igbo) political structure is a segmentary system of governance where there is hierarchy of power from the family to the age group and to special title-holders. Others such as the priests, elders, diviners and medicine men also hold powers.(ii)The traditional leaders were not ready to comply with the British colonial masters which lead to it not been successfull in the Eastern part of the country.(iii)The British colonial master’s rule through the traditional rule is called indirect rule. The responsibility of the traditional rulers was to carry out colonial policies and tax collection under the supervision of the British officers(iv)Because the igbo, the predominant people in the eastern are republicans. Amongst the three region in 1951 when macpherson constitution came into force only the east did not have house of chiefs.(v)The indirect rule was difficult to implement, as the predominantly 1GBO tribes that inhabit the eastern part, hardly had any central ruler/Chiefs, but each hamlet was administered by a separate chiefs as
found in the North,and West where they had an
Emir or Oba controlling large kingdoms that span
almost about all the region.*9a)* – Burkina faso
– Sierra Leone
– Liberia*9b)*
– To help promote peace among other members state
– To contribute to maintain ties especially with Britain as the as a former colonial master and other member.
– To help promote perliamentry democracy.
– To have and maintain close relationship with other member state.

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